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Ex-captives describe torture by Yemen’s Houthi rebels

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Associated Press Photo

COMBO – Yemeni medic Farouk Baakar demonstrates how he was shackled to a wall throughout his torture in a jail run by Yemen’s Houthi rebels, on this mixture of three pictures taken on July 29, 2018 in Marib, Yemen. Baakar was certainly one of hundreds of people that have been imprisoned by Houthi militia throughout 4 years of civil conflict. Lots of them, an Related Press investigation has discovered, have suffered excessive types of torture _ smashed of their faces with batons, hung from chains by their wrists or genitals for weeks at time, scorched with acid or fingers torn from their arms. (AP Photograph/Nariman El-Mofty)

MARIB, Yemen (AP) — Farouk Baakar was on obligation as a medic at al-Rashid hospital the day a bleeding man was introduced into the emergency room with gunshot wounds and indicators of torture. He’d been whipped throughout the again and hung by his wrists for days.

The affected person, Baakar discovered, had been left for lifeless by the aspect of a freeway after being held captive in a jail run by the Houthi rebels who management northern Yemen.

Baakar spent hours eradicating bullets and repairing ruptured gut. He tended to the affected person’s restoration for 80 days and, on the finish, agreed to pose for a selfie with him.

Weeks later, Houthi safety officers grabbed the person once more. They searched his telephone and located the photograph.

Then they got here for Baakar.

Militiamen stormed the hospital, blindfolded Baakar and hustled him away in a pickup truck. As a result of he’d given medical assist to an enemy of the Houthis, they advised him, he was now their enemy too. He spent 18 months in prisons inside the expanse of Yemen managed by the Houthis. He says they burned him, beat him and chained him to the ceiling by his wrists for 50 days till they thought he was lifeless.

Baakar and his affected person are amongst hundreds of people that have been imprisoned by the Houthi militia in the course of the 4 years of Yemen’s grinding civil struggle. Lots of them, an Related Press investigation has discovered, have suffered excessive torture — being smashed of their faces with batons, hung from chains by their wrists or genitals for weeks at a time, and scorched with acid.

The AP spoke with 23 individuals who stated they survived or witnessed torture in Houthi detention websites, in addition to with eight kin of detainees, 5 legal professionals and rights activists, and three safety officers concerned in prisoner swaps who stated they noticed marks of torture on inmates.

These accounts underscore the importance of a prisoner-swap settlement reached Thursday at the beginning of United Nations-sponsored peace talks in Sweden between the Houthi rebels and the Yemeni authorities backed by Saudi Arabia and america.

As a confidence-building measure, the 2 sides agreed to launch hundreds of prisoners, although particulars should nonetheless be hammered out. However whereas the coalition aspect would launch captured Houthi fighters, the rebels would largely free civilians who, like Baakar, have been imprisoned in brutal sweeps aimed toward suppressing opposition and acquiring captives who might be traded for ransom or exchanged for Houthi fighters held by the opposite aspect.

The Abductees’ Moms Union, an affiliation of feminine family members of detainees jailed by the Houthis, has documented greater than 18,000 detainees within the final 4 years, together with 1,000 instances of torture in a community of secret prisons, in response to Sabah Mohammed, a consultant of the group within the metropolis of Marib.

The moms’ group says at the very least 126 prisoners have died from torture because the Houthis took over the capital, Sanaa, in late 2014.

Mosques, historic castles, schools, golf equipment and different civilian buildings have served as first-stop amenities for hundreds of detainees earlier than they’re moved into official prisons, in line with testimonies of victims and human rights businesses. The mom’s group counted 30 so-called black websites in Sanaa alone.

Houthi leaders beforehand have denied that they interact in torture, although they didn’t reply to repeated AP requests for remark in current weeks.

The Houthis’ Human Rights Ministry stated in a press release in late 2016 that “there is no policy or systematic use of torture on prisoners.” It added that the ministry and prosecutors are working to “ensure the rights of prisoners and provide all legal guarantees to achieve justice and fair trials.”

Amnesty Worldwide says that “horrific human rights abuses, as well as war crimes, are being committed throughout the country by all parties to the conflict.”

However worldwide outrage over the bloodshed in Yemen has largely targeted on abuses carried out by the U.S.-backed and Saudi-led army coalition preventing on the aspect of the Yemeni authorities. The AP has uncovered torture at secret prisons run by the UAE and their Yemeni allies and has documented the deaths of civilians from strikes by drones in the USA’ marketing campaign towards al-Qaida’s department in Yemen.

Abuses by the Houthis have been much less seen to the surface world because the rebels labored to remove dissent and silence journalists.

From the capital, Sanaa, the Houthis rule over round 70 % of Yemen’s 29 million individuals. The Houthis consider they’re the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad and, as such, have a divine proper to rule Yemen. Those that oppose them are “God’s enemies,” worthy of punishment.

One of many former prisoners of the Houthis who spoke to the AP was a faculty instructor from the northern metropolis of Dhamar who, after his launch, fled to Marib, which is beneath management of the Houthis’ opponents. He requested that he be recognized solely by his first identify, Hussein, as a result of he fears for the security of relations nonetheless in insurgent territory.

He was held for 4 months and 22 days in an underground cell. He was blindfolded your complete time, he stated, however stored rely of the times by following the Muslim calls to prayer. All through his confinement, he stated, his jailers beat him with iron rods and informed him he was going to die.

“Prepare your will,” he stated they advised him.



The Houthis started within the 1990s as a Shiite revivalist spiritual motion. The group became an armed militia in 2004, when the army beneath then-President Ali Abdullah Saleh killed their founder, the brother of the present chief, Abdel-Malek al-Houthi.

Saleh fought the Houthi insurgency for six years, with hundreds killed on each side earlier than reaching a cease-fire simply months forward of the 2011 Arab Spring rebellion that put an finish to his rule.

Lower than three years later, the Houthis joined ranks with Saleh in an alliance of comfort — the previous autocrat noticed a attainable route again to energy, whereas the rebels gained backing from the military models nonetheless loyal to him. Collectively, they occupied most of northern and western Yemen, driving out Saleh’s successor, Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi.

In response, the U.S.-backed coalition launched its marketing campaign to revive Hadi’s internationally acknowledged authorities and thwart what Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates declare is an try by Iran, the Houthis’ ally, to take over.

The Houthis have sought to entrench their rule by cracking down on a variety of perceived enemies — younger activists, spiritual minorities, socialists and others who may oppose Houthi rule.

However there are divisions inside the motion.

Internally, a average faction of Houthi leaders acknowledged abuses and sought to place an finish to them. The chief’s brother, Yahia al-Houthi, arrange a committee in 2016 to research stories of torture and indefinite detentions, and helped free 13,500 prisoners in its first three months.

The committee despatched a video report back to the chief, Abdel-Malek, displaying scenes of overcrowded jail wards and prisoners with bruises, together with testimony from senior Houthi figures.

Abdel-Malek by no means responded. As an alternative, hard-line safety officers shut down the committee and briefly detained two of its members.

The video was not made public, however the AP obtained a replica, and it accommodates startling admissions from outstanding Houthi figures about abuses.

“What we saw would make you cry tears of blood,” one committee member says.



The primary few months in Houthi detention websites are often the worst, ex-inmates say, because the militants improvise and inflict their torture.

Anas al-Sarrari recollects slowly regaining consciousness in a darkish hall within the Sanaa’s Political Safety jail. The 26-year-old critic of Houthi brutality held his head between his swollen palms and bruised wrists, as flashes of two months of torture raced by means of his thoughts.

He was consuming grilled corn when masked militiamen snatched him from a principal road in Sanaa one morning in September 2015.

He remembered hanging for 23 hours by his handcuffed wrists from the ceiling of a stuffy interrogation room as numbness claimed his fingers, arms and far of his physique. The cuffs started to slit his wrists and he tried to relaxation on his toes.

“Death must be less painful than this nonstop torture,” he recalled considering on the time. “One more hour like this and I will die.”

His jailers unchained him from the ceiling for a pair hours every day, when he was given exhausting bread and a plate of greens and soiled rice crawling with cockroaches. Once they gave him yogurt, he was capable of see the date written on the container and mark the passage of time.

“My mother doesn’t even know if I am alive or dead,” he thought.

He remembered seeing a torturer with a stun gun gazing his head earlier than dealing a blow with all his may. Al-Sarrari collapsed.

He doesn’t understand how lengthy it took for the Houthi militiamen to untie him from the ceiling after which dump him within the hall. He tried to face however couldn’t pull his physique collectively. “Maybe I am in heaven?” he remembers considering. “Maybe it’s a bad dream?”

At daylight, he tried once more to maneuver, however failed. “Help me,” he screamed. Militiamen dragged him right into a cell. Solely then did he understand he was paralyzed. He had nobody to speak to, nobody to take him to the toilet. He urinated and defecated like a new child child.

Guards typically took him out to scrub and returned him to the filthy cell, the place he banged his head on the wall in desperation. After 4 months, they cleaned him up and launched him.

Al-Sarrari confirmed AP copies of his medical data. He now makes use of a wheelchair and believes that the aim of his torture and launch was to ship a message to others who may need to criticize the Houthis.

“To see people with disabilities, coming out of prison after excessive torture will terrify everyone: Look, this will happen to you if you speak up,” he stated.



The selfie of Baakar with an escaped prisoner was all of the proof seven Houthi militiamen wanted of the medic’s disloyalty once they got here for him at al-Rashid hospital.

“How much money did they give you to treat the enemies?” one militiaman screamed in his face.

Baakar says they slapped and kicked him, beat him with batons on his face, tooth and physique, and taunted him: “You will be killed because you are a traitor.” The militiamen took him to a location he couldn’t determine, stood him on a picket field, chained his wrists to the ceiling after which kicked the field out from beneath his ft.

He says they stripped him and whipped his bare physique, then pulled out his nails and tore out his hair. He fainted.

“It was so painful, especially when they come the next days and press on the bruises with their fingers,” he stated.

The Houthis turned increasingly artistic, Baakar stated. They as soon as introduced plastic bottles and with a lighter melted the plastic over his head, again, and between his thighs.

Ultimately, Baakar was taken to Hodeida citadel, the 500-year-old Ottoman-era fortress on the Pink Beach. He says guards pushed him into a dirty basement generally known as the “Pressure Room” and hung him by his wrists. In a darkish nook, he might see shapes of lifeless cats and even torn fingers.

When he grew thirsty, he stated, torturers splashed water on his face and he licked off the drops. At occasions, they might let different prisoners enter his cell and provides him water from a bottle.

On the day guards thought Baakar had died, then realized he was nonetheless alive, they untied him and allowed two prisoners to feed and clear him.

As Baakar started to get well from his wounds, different detainees who had been tortured started asking for his assist. He tried to heal the injured. He carried out easy surgical procedures, with out anesthesia, utilizing electrical wires, the one device he had in jail.

Typically the guards allowed him to go about his medical work. Different occasions, he says, they turned on him and punished him for serving to his fellow prisoners.

Baakar recalled serving to a person who’d been hung by his penis and testes and was unable to urinate. One other man with a white beard and white hair had been badly burned when the Houthis poured acid on his again, melting his pores and skin and almost sealing his buttocks. Baakar used wires to make a gap and, together with his fingers, eliminated the stool.

“When I asked Houthi guards for help, saying the man is dying, their only answer was: ‘Let him die’,” Baakar stated.

The Houthis launched Baakar on Dec. three, 2017 after his household paid 5.5 million rials, about $eight,000 on the time.

Quickly after he fled to Marib, the anti-Houthi stronghold. He lives in a tent with different refugees, the place he continues to deal with the sick and wounded.


The AP’s reporting on the struggle in Yemen is supported by a grant from the Pulitzer Middle on Disaster Reporting.

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