Associated Press Breaking Business By CALVIN WOODWARD and HOPE YEN California Central America Constitutional amendments Constitutions Courts Crime Demographics District of Columbia Economy Elections Electoral college Gang-related crime General news Government and politics Government policy Government programs Government-funded health insurance Guatemala Health Immigration Immigration policy Judiciary Latin America and Caribbean Legislation Legislature Medicare Medicare health plans Mexico Migration rates Military affairs Military and defense Military healthcare National courts National governments North America Personal finance Personal health insurance Personal insurance Social affairs Social issues Supreme courts United States Veterans Veterans affairs Veterans healthcare Violent crime Zero tolerance policy

AP FACT CHECK: Trump’s fabrications on Medicare, immigrants

Associated Press Photo

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Associated Press Photo

President Donald Trump speaks at a marketing campaign rally, Saturday, Nov. three, 2018, in Pensacola, Fla. (AP Photograph/Butch Dill)

WASHINGTON (AP) — Within the last days earlier than pivotal midterm elections, President Donald Trump is portray a distorted image of immigration whereas exaggerating his document of attaining financial good points for non-whites and enhancing well being look after veterans.

He insists that Republicans will be capable of appeal to the non-white vote in Tuesday’s elections as a result of he’s achieved “the best median income numbers for all of these groups.” Actually, incomes for African-People and Asian-People reached their highest ranges previous to his administration.

On immigration, Trump inflates the variety of foreigners dwelling within the U.S. illegally and misrepresents Democratic laws within the Senate as selling “open borders.”

In the meantime, on well being care, Trump falsely means that Democrats would search to destroy Medicare in the event that they take management of Congress and overstates enhancements he made to the Division of Veterans Affairs.

A take a look at his marketing campaign rhetoric and the truth:



TRUMP: “The Democrat plan would obliterate Medicare.” — Florida rally Saturday.

THE FACTS: He’s incorrect that Democrats would search to “obliterate Medicare.” Trump seems to be referring to Democratic proposals to offer “Medicare for All,” however the choices that permit youthful individuals to purchase right into a Medicare-like plan don’t contain overhauling the present program.

The plan by Sen. Bernie Sanders, the Vermont unbiased, can be a elementary change, increasing Medicare to cowl virtually everybody within the nation. However present Medicare recipients would get improved advantages. Sanders would get rid of Medicare deductibles, restrict copays, and supply protection for dental and imaginative and prescient care, in addition to listening to aids. A Home single-payer invoice requires masking long-term care.

The difficulty is whether or not the U.S. can afford to transform to a brand new government-run well being care system, not that older People can be left uncovered. The Democratic proposals name for brand spanking new taxes to assist pay for expanded Medicare protection.



TRUMP: “What we’ve done for the military and the vets — we’ve gotten them Choice, where they can now go to a doctor and the United States pays for it instead of waiting in line for two months and three months and not being able to see a doctor, and literally dying — dying while they were waiting on line to see a doctor. After 44 years they’ve been working on it, I got it approved. And that’s Choice for veterans.” — remarks Friday to reporters.

THE FACTS: No, he isn’t the primary president in 44 years to get handed in Congress a private-sector well being program for veterans. Extra broadly, he exaggerates VA enhancements underneath his watch by suggesting the newly expanded program may have instant impact.

Congress first accredited the Veterans Selection program in 2014 through the Obama administration within the wake of a scandal on the Phoenix VA medical middle through which some veterans died whereas ready months for appointments. This system permits veterans to see docs outdoors the VA system if they need to wait greater than 30 days for an appointment or drive greater than 40 miles to a VA facility.

Trump signed laws in June to broaden the Selection program by giving veterans even wider entry to private-sector docs at authorities expense, topic to yet-to-be-completed guidelines that may decide eligibility in addition to out there cash. The VA has but to resolve long-term financing as a consequence of congressional finances caps that would put funding for VA or different home packages in danger subsequent yr.

Key to this system’s success is an overhaul of the VA’s digital medical data to permit seamless sharing of medical data with personal physicians, anticipated to take as much as 10 years. VA Secretary Robert Wilkie has stated this system’s implementation is “years” away.



TRUMP, on attracting the nonwhite vote from Democrats: “We have the best unemployment numbers, the best median income numbers for all of these groups. We have the best numbers we’ve ever had. …They should be worried about the African-Americans, because they’re going to lose them.” — Fox interview on Oct. 29

THE FACTS: He didn’t obtain the most effective median revenue numbers for all of the nonwhite teams. Each African-People and Asian-People had larger revenue previous to the Trump administration.

The median revenue final yr for a black family was $40,258, in accordance with the Census Bureau. That’s under a 2000 peak of $42,348 and in addition statistically no higher than 2016, President Barack Obama’s final yr in workplace.

Many economists view the continued financial progress because the center of 2009, in Obama’s first time period, as the first rationalization for current hiring and revenue positive aspects. Extra necessary, there are a number of indicators that the racial wealth hole is now worsening whilst unemployment charges have come down.

As to Asian-People, the median revenue for a typical family final yr was $81,331. It was $83,182 in 2016.



TRUMP, on Montana Democratic Sen. Jon Tester: “Tester joined every other Senate Democrat in supporting open-border legislation from the now-legendary Dianne Feinstein.” — Montana rally Saturday.

THE FACTS: He’s misrepresenting a invoice that doesn’t direct borders to be extra porous than now.

Democratic Sen. Dianne Feinstein of California is sponsoring a invoice that has the help of each Democratic senator together with Tester. The invoice’s goal is to cease the Trump administration’s “zero tolerance” coverage of criminally prosecuting all adults caught crossing the border illegally and placing their youngsters beneath Division of Well being and Human Providers custody and care.

The invoice seeks to restrict household separations by barring federal brokers and officers from eradicating a toddler from a mum or dad inside 100 miles of U.S. borders. Exceptions would apply in instances the place a toddler is hazard of trafficking or abuse or neglect, or when there’s a robust probability the grownup isn’t the father or mother.

Whereas Trump asserts that the invoice would spur “open borders” and alter immigration regulation, nothing within the laws would prohibit the removing or detention of immigrants who arrive within the U.S. illegally if the households are stored collectively.


TRUMP, on the follow of permitting immigrants caught crossing the border illegally to remain in U.S. communities as they await immigration hearings: “We’re not doing releases. What’s been happening over years is they would come in, release them, and they would never show up for their trial. And we now have 25 or 30 million people in this country illegally, because of what’s been happening over many years.” — remarks Wednesday to reporters.

THE FACTS: It’s nowhere near 25 million to 30 million, nor has the quantity elevated a lot in recent times.

The nonpartisan Pew Analysis Middle estimates there have been 11.three million immigrants within the U.S. illegally in 2016, the newest knowledge obtainable. That quantity is principally unchanged from 2009. Advocacy teams on each side of the immigration difficulty have comparable estimates.

The variety of such immigrants had reached a peak of 12.2 million in 2007, representing about four % of the U.S. inhabitants, earlier than declining due partially to a weakening U.S. financial system.


TRUMP, on tweeting a video blaming Democrats permitting a person to enter the U.S. who killed two cops: “All I’m doing is just telling the truth.” — chatting with reporters Friday.

THE FACTS: The video he unfold round doesn’t inform the reality. It says Democrats let Luis Bracamontes into the nation and “let him stay.”

Bracamontes entered the U.S. illegally, in 1996, through the Democratic administration of President Invoice Clinton, however he was additionally deported by that administration the subsequent yr after being caught shopping for crack cocaine and serving his sentence. He returned repeatedly. By the point he was sentenced to demise in California for the 2014 killings of the cops, he had been deported 4 occasions, in line with Sacramento County Sheriff Scott Jones.

No proof of leniency by Democrats has emerged within the episode. Democratic and Republican administrations alike have deported lots of of hundreds of individuals a yr and no administration, Trump’s included, has caught everybody making an attempt to enter illegally.


TRUMP on what U.S. troops ought to do if encountering migrants who’re making an attempt to get to the border from Mexico: “I didn’t say shoot, I didn’t say shoot.” — remarks to reporters Friday.

THE FACTS: A day earlier, he stated of the migrants: “They want to throw rocks at our military, our military fights back. I told them, consider it a rifle.”

The procession has been largely peaceable. Some migrants in a single caravan clashed with Mexican police on the Mexico-Guatemala border, hurling stones.


TRUMP: “President Obama separated the children from parents and nobody complained. When we continued the exact same law, the country went crazy.” — immigration speech Thursday.

THE FACTS: Truly, Obama didn’t do the identical factor as a matter of coverage.

Whereas it’s true the underlying legal guidelines have been the identical, the Trump administration mandated anybody caught crossing the border illegally was to be criminally prosecuted. That coverage meant adults have been taken to courtroom for legal proceedings, and their youngsters have been separated and despatched into the care of the Well being and Human Providers Division, which is tasked with caring for unaccompanied migrant youngsters. Trump’s zero tolerance coverage stays in impact, however he signed an government order June 20 that stopped separations.

Jeh Johnson, Obama’s Homeland Safety secretary, just lately advised NPR there might have been uncommon or emergency circumstances when youngsters have been taken from mother and father, however there was no such coverage.


TRUMP: “At this very moment, large well-organized caravans of migrants are marching towards our southern border. Some people call it an invasion. …These are tough people in many cases; a lot of young men, strong men and a lot of men that maybe we don’t want in our country. …This isn’t an innocent group of people. It’s a large number of people that are tough. They have injured, they have attacked.” — immigration speech Thursday.

THE FACTS: He’s given no proof that folks within the caravans are, by and enormous, harmful, hardened criminals — after acknowledging at one level that there isn’t a such proof.

The migrants within the caravans are principally from Honduras, the place it began, in addition to El Salvador and Guatemala. General, they’re poor, carrying the belongings that match right into a knapsack and fleeing gang violence or poverty.

It is perhaps true there are some criminals combined in with the throngs, given the sheer variety of migrants. Trump didn’t substantiate his declare that members of the MS-13 gang, particularly, are amongst them. The Homeland Safety Division issued a sheet stating that “over 270 individuals along the caravan route have criminal histories, including known gang membership.” However it didn’t specify the way it had arrived at that quantity.

Some migrants in one of many caravans clashed with Mexican police on the Mexico-Guatemala border, hurling stones and different objects as they tried to cross the worldwide bridge. One migrant died; it’s not clear the way it occurred. Caravan leaders stated that they had expelled quite a lot of troublemakers from the procession, exhibiting some self-policing. Finally, most entered Guatemala — and later, Mexico — by illegally bypassing immigration checkpoints.

The caravan in any other case has been overwhelmingly peaceable, receiving applause and donated meals from residents of the cities they move. Mexican police haven’t tried once more to cease them.



TRUMP: “It was always told to me that you needed a constitutional amendment. Guess what? You don’t. … Well, you can definitely do it with an act of Congress. But now they’re saying I can do it just with an executive order.” — interview revealed Tuesday with “Axios on HBO.”

THE FACTS: Students extensively pan the concept Trump might unilaterally change the principles on who’s a citizen. It’s extremely questionable whether or not an act of Congress might do it, both, although it’s conceivable that legislators might change the principles relating to youngsters born within the U.S. of oldsters who’re within the nation illegally.

Peter Schuck is probably probably the most outstanding advocate of the concept birthright citizenship shouldn’t be conveyed by the Structure to youngsters of oldsters who’re dwelling illegally within the U.S. Even he says “Trump clearly cannot act by” government order.

“I feel confident that no competent lawyer would advise him otherwise,” he stated by e mail Tuesday. “This is just pre-election politics and misrepresentation and should be sharply criticized as such.”

Schuck, of Yale, and colleague Rogers Smith of the College of Pennsylvania have argued because the mid-1980s that Congress can set the principles for offering citizenship to U.S.-born youngsters of oldsters who got here illegally.

However most students on the left and proper share the view that it will take a constitutional modification to disclaim automated citizenship to youngsters born within the U.S. to oldsters who’re within the nation illegally.

James Ho, a conservative Trump-appointed federal appeals courtroom decide, wrote within the Inexperienced Bag authorized journal in 2006 that birthright citizenship “is protected no less for children of undocumented persons than for descendants of Mayflower passengers.”

Stephen Yale-Loehr, a Cornell college immigration professional, stated the case towards Trump’s authority is “not open and shut, but the better view is it would require a constitutional amendment.”

The Structure’s citizenship clause was a part of the post-Civil Conflict amendments that enshrined the rights of African-People. The citizenship clause, particularly, was meant to overturn the Supreme Courtroom’s infamous Dred Scott choice of 1857 that held African-People weren’t residents.

The Supreme Courtroom has by no means dominated squarely concerning the clause’s software to youngsters of immigrants who’re within the U.S. illegally. Trump didn’t make a distinction between authorized and unlawful standing in his remarks. An 1898 Supreme Courtroom choice held that the U.S.-born son of authorized Chinese language immigrants was a citizen underneath the 14th Modification; a footnote in a 1982 choice suggests there must be no distinction for youngsters of foreign-born mother and father whether or not they’re within the U.S. legally or illegally.


TRUMP: “We’re the only country in the world where a person comes in, has a baby and the baby is essentially a citizen of the United States for 85 years with all of those benefits. It’s ridiculous. It’s ridiculous. And it has to end.” — interview with “Axios on HBO.”

THE FACTS: That’s improper.

The U.S. is amongst about 30 nations the place birthright citizenship — the precept of jus soli or “right of the soil” — is utilized, in line with the World Atlas and different sources. Most are within the Americas. Canada and Mexico are amongst them. Most different nations confer citizenship based mostly on that of at the very least one dad or mum — jus sanguinis, or “right of blood” — or have a modified type of birthright citizenship which will prohibit automated citizenship to youngsters of oldsters who’re on their territory legally.

Extra broadly, Trump’s view that U.S.-born youngsters of foreigners reside a lifetime of taking “all those benefits” ignores the taxes they pay, the work they do and their different contributions to society.



SARAH HUCKABEE SANDERS, White Home press secretary: Trump “got elected by an overwhelming majority of 63 million Americans who came out and supported him and wanted to see his policies enacted.” — press briefing on Oct. 29

THE FACTS: Trump didn’t earn a majority of votes within the 2016 election. He did win the Electoral School, permitting him to seize the presidency.

Trump gained almost 63 million votes in contrast with greater than 65 million for Democrat Hillary Clinton, who racked up lopsided victories in massive states comparable to New York and California, in line with election knowledge compiled by The Related Press. However she misplaced the presidency because of Trump’s profitable margin within the Electoral School, which got here after he narrowly gained much less populous Midwestern states together with Michigan and Wisconsin.


Related Press writers Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar, Colleen Lengthy and Mark Sherman in Washington and Elliot Spagat in San Diego contributed to this report.


Discover AP Reality Checks at

Comply with @APFactCheck on Twitter:

EDITOR’S NOTE _ A take a look at the veracity of claims by political figures

About the author